Dog Swollen Eye, Eyeball, Eyelids, Causes and Home Treatments

dog swollen eye

A dog eye is a critical organ in its life. Problems with the eye or areas surrounding it translate to interrupted vision. A dog swollen eye may refer to a swelling on the eyelids, the eyeball, under the eye and other parts around and within the eye. Swellings may result from simple issues such as a minor injury or serious conditions which if left untreated could result in blindness. Explored below are the causes, treatments as well as home remedies for swollen eyes in dogs.

 Causes of Dog Swollen Eye

Just like in humans, a swollen eye may be caused by a physical injury of infections. Structural and congenital conditions also take enough share of the blame. Here are the things that could see your pooch’s eyes all swollen.

1.      Conjunctivitis

Conjunctivitis is the inflammation of the mucous membranes found in the eye. This causes inflammation of surrounding soft tissues. It can be caused by bacteria or viruses. Other conditions that could lead to conjunctivitis include dry eye, feline herpes virus, canine distemper as well as airborne irritants.

In addition to the dog, eye is swollen and red, additional symptoms may include swollen eyelids, bloodshot eyes, discharge and rubbing on the eyes.

2.      Allergies

Just like in humans, dog swollen eyes may be a sign of allergic reactions. This will be accompanied by other symptoms such as discharge and reddening of the eyes. The swelling may affect both or just one eye. Allergic reactions may be from irritation, food as well as insect bites.

Where an allergic reaction is suspected as the cause of the swelling, it is important to administer an antihistamine. If it becomes severe, talk to your veterinarian. They may have to carry out some tests to ascertain what it is the dog is allergic to before administering any shots. They can then advise on how to eliminate the allergen.

3.      Viruses

Dog swollen eye may be caused by viruses. These include hepatitis and distemper viruses. The swelling is usually a result of fluid accumulation, inflammation, and lesions and is accompanied by other symptoms. Some tests are necessary to know what virus is causing the swollen eyes.

Dog Swollen Eyelids Causes

A lot of times, after a merry session in the woods, my dog has swollen eyelids. In most cases, it is usually nothing serious and goes away with time. Below we explore causes of dog swollen eyelids and what can be done about them.

4.      Blepharitis

This is a condition that can affect both or one eye. It occurs as a result of inflammation on the outer skin as well as the middle part of the eyelid. Its causes could be congenital such as having abnormalities of the eyelid, entropion, ectopic cilia as well as an inability to close eyelids which is common in flat-faced breeds and those with short snouts. There also are allergic and bacterial causes of swelling of the eyelid that results from blepharitis.

Affected eyelids turn red, are itchy and swollen. Loss of hair, eye discharge, the formation of papules or pustules are other symptoms of the condition. A dog affected by the condition can also be seen squinting and scratching the eyes and the face. This could result in trauma which may see other surrounding tissues swollen as well.

5.      Cherry Eye

Beneath the nictitating membrane (third eyelid) is the tear gland of a dog which is responsible for providing adequate lubrication to the cornea. When a dog has a cherry eye, this gland will have protruded and can be seen as a swollen mass.

Also referred to as a prolapsed gland of the eyelid, it involves the protrusion of a red or pink mass on the corner nearest to the dog’s nose, dry eyes, swelling and irritation. The condition can affect both or one eye. Some breeds such as terriers, cocker spaniels, beagles, Shi Tzus, and Bulldogs are predisposed to the condition. The condition could also be triggered by shock, excitement or fear. Treatment involves stitching back of the glands to prevent the dog from developing dry eyes.

Dog Swollen Eyeball Causes

In case you are wondering what might be the cause of swelling within the eye, here are some likely reasons to help you figure it out.

6.      Cataracts

While cataracts do not necessarily indicate a dog swollen eyeball, it may appear like it is. It involves the eye taking a cloudy bluish or greyish appearance. Cataract could develop from trauma to the eye, old age or disease. In most cases, the condition is congenital. Diabetic dogs are also known to suffer from cataracts. If left untreated, cataracts could result in blindness.

7.      Glaucoma

When a dog suffers glaucoma, the pupils become enlarged. The associated pressure which is what leads to the swelling, in addition, leads to a cloudy appearance and eye redness. Glaucoma is caused by chemical imbalances. Specific breeds are more susceptible to the condition than others.

8.      Trauma

A dog swollen eye could be as a result of a physical injury. This could occur from scratches from other dogs or cats, bruising of the eyeball when they stick their heads when they should not as well as being hit. Treatment will be aimed at healing the injured part of the eye and preventing infection.

Dog Swollen Eye Home Treatment

In most cases, a dog swollen eye will be cured if the caused is addressed. Some conditions such as cataracts, glaucoma, blepharitis and cherry eye may require professional treatment. The earlier this is done the better for the overall health of the dog. However, there are other swellings that can be addressed at home. Below are various dog swollen eye home treatment options.

Benadryl for Dog Swollen Eye

When a dog has a swollen eye resulting from an allergic reaction, Benadryl for dogs can help. This should be given every eight hours. The dosage should be dependent on your dog’s weight. The effect should be seen in about an hour. If none is seen or if they have difficulty breathing, call in your veterinarian.

Saline Solution

This is best for swollen dog eyes that have a discharge. The saline solution can be used to clear up the crusty discharge to reduce chances of infection and prevent the eyes from getting swollen shut. Simply mix a glass of warm water with a tablespoon of salt and use a cotton ball dipped in the solution to wipe around the eyes.

Chamomile Tea for Dog Swollen Eye

Chamomile can help reduce the chances of infection as well as treat one. Prepare some chamomile tea and allow it steep for 10 minutes. Strain this and allow it to cool to levels comfortable for the skin. Use a cotton ball to apply this home remedy for dog swollen eyes and repeat procedure a number of times in the day until the infection clears up.

Where you are not certain about the cause of dog swollen eye, do not administer home treatment. instead, seek professional help. the same applies to cases where the home remedies for swollen eyes in dogs do not seem to make any difference after a couple of days.


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